NB5 Docs► Reference Section► Bundled Apps▼ cqlgen 🖺


cqlgen is a default CQL workload generator

With NB5, the cqld4 driver comes with a workload generator that can be used to generate a workload yaml from a CQL schema file.

Development on this workload generator is just starting, but it is already in a useful state. Eventually, workload observation and monitoring methods will be used to create workloads which more accurately emulate those in-situ.

Inputs & Outputs

You need the cql schema for whatever keyspaces, types, and tables you want to include. Optionally, you can provide a table stats file which is generated as nodetool tablestats > tablestats.

Note: The table stats file provides results only for a single node. As such, you will want to adjust a config parameter called partition_multiplier to improve accuracy of the generated workload. Further, the file only contains traffic and data details since the last time your node was restarted, thus it may not be representative of the overall character of your workload and data.


A typical cqlgen command looks like this:

nb5 cqlgen myschema.cql myworkload.yaml myhistograms
  1. The first option is simply the name of the .cql file containing your schema.
  2. The second is the name of the output yaml. The generator will not overwrite this file for you.
  3. The third option is an optional table stats file created with nodetool tablestats >tablestats. If provided, the reads, writes, and estimated partition counts will be used to weight the workload to the tables and data sizes automatically.

For now, it is almost certain that you'll need to extract the configs and tailor them as described below. Then, when you run nb5 cqlgen ... the config files in the current directory will be used.

Workload Patterns

The initial version of the cql workload generator provides these defaults:

Fine Tuning

The generator uses two internal files for the purposes of setting defaults:

Both of these files will be read from the internal nb5 resources unless you pull them into the local directory with these commands:

nb5 --copy cqlgen/cqlgen-bindings.yaml
nb5 --copy cqlgen/cqlgen.conf

The details of how to customize these files are included within them. The cqlgen-bindings.yaml file contains default bindings by type. If you get UnresolvedBindingsException when trying to generate a workload, then a binding for the type in question must be added to the cqlgen-bindings.yaml file.

The cqlgen.conf controls much of the internal wiring of the workload generator. Modifying it gives you the ability to enable and disable certain stages and behaviors, like:

These are mostly controlled by a series of processing phases known as transformers. Some transformers depend on others upstream, but if the data provided is not sufficient, they will silently pass-through.

This is a new feature of the NoSQLBench driver. If you are an early adopter, please reach out with ideas, or for requests and support as needed.

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